EE216, Spring 2015, Section 01: Syllabus

Course Description

 

Materials designed and synthesized with the view toward nanometer-scale applications, i.e. nanomaterials, have potentials that would revolutionize technologies in a variety of fields including electronics, optoelectronics, photonics and bioengineering. Nanomaterials or structures that utilize nanomaterials are expected, through their peculiar quantum mechanical properties manifested in reduced dimensionalities, to offer novel functionalities that cannot be attained with ordinary micrometer-scale materials. Essentially all nanotechnology relies upon nanomaterials, thus understanding physics, chemistry, and technology of nanomaterials is crucial for pursuing further innovation in various nanotechnology fields. Two core parts of the course are: (1) physics and chemistry of a variety of phenomena required to understand peculiar properties of nanomaterials will be discussed and (2) a wide range of advanced research topics in nanomaterials and nanometer-scale devices currently in progress will be discussed. This course will be a “one-stop shop” for anyone who is interested in all aspects of nanomaterials and nanometer-scale devices.

 

Topics Covered in the Lectures

 

1. Introduction

Approaches to understand Nanomaterials and nanometer-scale devices

Nanometer-scale engineering and science

Needs for nanometer-scale devices

Dimensionality

Peculiar physics in low-dimensional structures

 

2. Interactions among small things

Coulomb interaction

Electrostatic interaction among electric dipoles

Interaction associated with hydrogen bonds

Interaction associated with Hydrophobic/hydrophilic characteristics

 

3. Review of thermodynamics

Our basic questions

Heat and work

Entropy

Thermodynamics and modern physics

Entropy, energy and life

 

4. Size of a system

The definition of “large” and “small’ systems

Various techniques to make small systems

Scaling of physical properties

Characteristic length to measure size of a system

 

5. Electrical properties and size of a system

Diffusive and ballistic transport

Electron phase incoherence and coherence

Size quantization

Electron charging

 

6. Crystal growth

Nucleation and growth

Thermodynamics

Kinetics

Mass transport

Heat transport

Crystal surfaces

Crystal growth in vapor phase

 

7. Physical properties of matters at nanometer-scale

Atoms, molecules and clusters

Geometric structures

Size-dependent physical properties

Electronic properties

Magnetic properties

Optical properties

 

8. Nanometer-scale devices

Memory devices